What major events happened today in history (in English):
- 02 July 2009 : Almost 4,000 United States Marines, backed by helicopter gun ships, are attempting to regain control of the volatile Helmand River valley in southwestern Afghanistan, which currently is occupied by the Taliban.
- 02 July 2010 : US President Barack Obama has nominated yet another Indian American, Nisha Desai Biswal, a long-time Congressional staffer, to a senior level position in his administration.
- 02 July 2011 : Italian top seed Fabiano Caruana defeated Filipino Wesley to emerge winner of the AAI International Grandmasters chess tournament on 2 July 2011.
- 02 July 2012 : The Indian Statistical Institute said that Pranab Mukherjee resigned as chairman of the ISI council on June 20, much before filing his nomination as the presidential candidate, though his name was still on its website.
- 02 July 2013 : After the hype that there will be competition among as many as 100 or even more players for acquiring bank licences, what was actually received were only 26 applications after the last day of submission from both the public and private sector.
- 02 July 2014 : The 'UP e-pension system' is all set to be implemented as Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav has given his nod to the e-governance initiative that will benefit lakhs of pensioners in the state. Under this system, filling up of pension forms, checking, verification and payment will be done online. The National Informatics Centre has provided assistance in developing the mechanism.
- 02 July 2015 : Ratan Tata, industry icon and Chairman Emeritus of Tata Sons, has yet again made undisclosed investment in Ola Cabs, which is one of the fastest growing taxi hiring companies in India. Just like the other investments made earlier in start-up companies, investment here is also made by Ratan Tata in his personal capacity.
- 02 July 2016 : Michel Rocard, former Prime Minister of France, passed away on 2 July 2016 in Paris, France. He was 85. Rocard served as Prime Minister under President Francois Mitterrand from 1988 to 1991.
- 02 July 2013 : The International Astronomical Union named Pluto's fourth and fifth moons, Kerberos and Styx. The International Astronomical Union is consisting of professional astronomers, at the PhD level and beyond who are active in professional research and education in astronomy. It acts as the internationally recognized authority for assigning designations to and any surface features on them.
- 02 July 2002 : Steve Fossett became the first person to fly solo around the world nonstop in a balloon. James Stephen Fossett was an American businessman and a record setting flyer, adventurer and sailor. He made his prosperity in the financial services industry and was best known for many world records, including five nonstop circumnavigations of the Earth.
- 02 July 1999 : During the Kargil war, The Indian Army launched a combined attack on Kargil. India was steady on Pakistan fallback from the area. The cause of the war was the infiltration of Pakistani soldiers and Kashmiri militants into positions on the Indian side of the LOC, which serves as the de facto border between the two states.
- 02 July 1976 : Fall of the Republic of Vietnam; Communist North Vietnam declared their union to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. The Democratic Republic of Vietnam generally known as North Vietnam, was a Marxist and Leninist government established in 1945. It was claiming all of Vietnam yet including most of North Vietnam
- 02 July 1972 : Shimla Treaty was signed between Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani PM Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. It took place after the war between the two nations in 1971 which resulted in the independence of Bangladesh. It was earlier known as East Pakistan and was part of the Pakistani territory. The agreement was approved by the Parliaments of both the nations in same year.
- 02 July 1940 : Indian independence leader Subhash Chandra Bose was arrested and detained in Calcutta. Subhash Chandra Bose known throughout India as Neta was an Indian nationalist and prominent figure of the Indian independence movement. Bose was the twice elected President of the Indian National Congress and the founder and President of the All India Forward Bloc.
- 02 July 1897 : Italian scientist Guglielmo Marconi got a patent for radio in London. Guglielmo Marconi was an Italian inventor and electrical engineer who were known for his leading work on long distance radio transmission and for developing Marconi's law and a radio telegraph system.
- 02 July 1871 : Victor Emmanuel II of Italy entered Rome after conquering it from the Papal States. The Papal States were territories in the Italian Peninsula under the sovereign direct rule of the pope, from the 700s until 1870. They were among the major important states of Italy from the eighth century until the Italian Peninsula was united in 1861 by the Kingdom of Piedmont and Sardinia.
- 02 July 1757 : Nawab Siraj-ud-Daula was captured and assassinated. He was stabbed with a knife by Muhammad Beg at the instance of Miran. Siraj ud-Daulah was the last independent Nawab of Bengal. The end of his reign is noticeable with the start of British East India Company rule in Bengal and later almost all over the South Asia.
- 02 July 1777 : Vermont became the first American territory to end slavery. Vermont is a New England state in the northeastern part of United States. Its area is covered with 75% of forests. Vermont is the leader in production of maple syrup in the United States.
- 02 July 2017 : The much-awaited Goods and Services Tax (GST) was rolled out from 1 July 2017 from the historic Central Hall of Parliament.
इतिहास में आज के दिन हुईं प्रमुख घटनाएं (हिन्दी में):
- 02 जुलाई 2012 : स्टेट बैंक ऑफ पटियाला ने 2 जुलाई 2012 को किसानों के लिए गोल्ड लोन (स्वर्ण शक्ति) का शुभारंभ किया।
- 02 जुलाई 2013 : भारत और नेपाल ने 2 जुलाई 2013 को पर्यटन के क्षेत्र में सहयोग पर सहमत हैं।
- 02 जुलाई 2014 : राम नरेश यादव ने 2 जुलाई 2014 को रायपुर के राजभवन में छत्तीसगढ़ के राज्यपाल पद की शपथ ग्रहण की।
- 02 जुलाई 2015 : विश्वविद्यालय अनुदान आयोग (यूजीसी) द्वारा 2 जुलाई 2015 को देश भर के 19 कॉलेजों को विशेष धरोहर का दर्जा प्रदान किया गया. इनमें मुंबई का सेंट ज़ेवियर्स कॉलेज, पुणे का फर्ग्युसन कॉलेज तथा अन्य कॉलेज शामिल हैं.भारत में 100 वर्ष से अधिक पुराने कॉलेज परिसरों को संरक्षण के उद्देश्य से उन्हें धरोहर की मान्यता दी गयी है.
- 02 जुलाई 2016 : भारतीय फुटबॉलर गुरप्रीत सिंह संधू जुलाई 2016 के पहले सप्ताह में यूरोपा लीग में खेलने वाले पहले भारतीय खिलाड़ी बने। इससे पहले संधू ने नॉर्वे प्रीमियर लीग में स्टेबैक एफसी की ओर से पहला मुकाबला आईके स्टार्ट के खिलाफ खेला था। गुरप्रीत सिंह संधू नॉर्वे के टिप्पेलीगेन क्लब के लिए खेलते हैं एवं भारत की राष्ट्रीय टीम के लिए भी खेलते हैं।
- 02 जुलाई 2017 : संसद के ऐतिहासिक केंद्रीय हॉल से 1 जुलाई 2017 को बहु-प्रतीक्षित वस्तु एवं सेवा कर (जीएसटी) को पूरे देश भर मे लागू किया गया।
Major historical events on this day (Source: Wikipedia):
- 02 July 1997 : The Thai baht rapidly lost half of its value, marking thebeginning of the Asian financial crisis. Read more 1997 Asian financial crisis
- 02 July 1937 : Aviation pioneer Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonandisappeared over the Pacific Ocean during an attempt to make acircumnavigational flight. Read more Amelia Earhart
- 02 July 1881 : U.S. President James A. Garfield was fatally shot at theBaltimore and Potomac Railroad station in Washington, D.C. Read more Assassination of James A. Garfield
- 02 July 1644 : The combined forces of the Scottish Covenanters and the EnglishParliamentarians defeated the Royalists at the Battle of Marston Moor,one of the decisive encounters of the English Civil War, near York. Read more Battle of Marston Moor
- 02 July 1964 : U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Actinto law (pictured), outlawing segregation in schools, at the workplace,and other facilities that served the general public. Read more Civil Rights Act of 1964
- 02 July 1917 : White residents of East St. Louis, Illinois, burned entiresections of the city and shot black inhabitants as they escaped theflames. Read more East St. Louis Riot
- 02 July 1950 : A mentally ill Buddhist monk set fire to the Golden Pavilion atKinkaku-ji (restoration pictured), destroying what is now one of themost popular tourist destinations in Japan. Read more Kinkaku-ji
- 02 July 706 : In China, Emperor Zhongzong of Tang interred the final bodies inthe Qianling Mausoleum, which remained unopened until the 1960s. Read more Qianling Mausoleum
- 02 July 1890 : The U.S. Congress passed the Sherman Antitrust Act, the firstUnited States government action to limit monopolies. Read more Sherman Antitrust Act
- 02 July 2002 : American aviator Steve Fossett became the first person to flysolo nonstop around the world in a balloon, completing an almost 14-daytrip after landing in Queensland, Australia. Read more Steve Fossett
- 02 July 1816 : The French frigate Méduse ran aground off the coast oftoday's Mauritania, with the survivors escaping on a makeshift raft,which was depicted in Théodore Géricault's painting The Raft of theMedusa. Read more The Raft of the Medusa
- 02 July 2000 : In the Mexican general election, Vicente Fox was elected to bethe first President of Mexico from an opposition party in 71 years. Read more Vicente Fox
- 02 July 1976 : More than a year after the end of the Vietnam War, North andSouth Vietnam officially united under communist rule to form theSocialist Republic of Vietnam. Read more Vietnam
- 02 July 1962 : The first Walmart store, now the largest retailer in the world,opened in Rogers, Arkansas, US. Read more Walmart
- 02 July 626 : During the Xuanwu Gate Incident, Prince Li Shimin led his forcesto assassinate his rival brothers, Crown Prince Li Jiancheng and PrinceLi Yuanji, in a bloody palace coup for the Tang Dynasty throne. Read more Xuanwu Gate Incident
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