Today in History: June 27

What major events happened today in history (in English):

  • 27 June 2009 : Ramesh Pokhariyal Nishank was on Saturday sworn-in as the fifth chief minister of Uttarakhand.
  • 27 June 2010 : Britain's new Prime Minister David Cameron, who heads the Conservative-Liberal Democrats coalition government, would visit India in July.
  • 27 June 2011 : Under attack for spurt in crime against women in Uttar Pradesh, the state government said it will launch a special one-month-long drive on July 1 to check atrocities against women.
  • 27 June 2012 : Pakistan freed 315 Indian fishermen, including over 20 juveniles, from a prison in Karachi as a goodwill gesture, with officials saying that they had been sent to Lahore to be repatriated via the Wagah land border crossing.
  • 27 June 2013 : MSTC Chairman and Managing Director S K Tripathi is likely to get the additional charge of heading NMDC as the Steel Ministry has decided to relieve SAIL 's C S Verma from leading the country's biggest miner, according to a source.
  • 27 June 2014 : Nagaland Governor Ashwani Kumar submitted his resignation to the President Pranab Mukherjee who has accepted it, as per media reports. Meghalaya Governor K.K. Paul will assume additional charge as the Governor of Nagaland till regular arrangements. Karnataka Governor H.R. Bhardwaj has completed his term and in his place Tamil Nadu Governor K. Rosaiah will take charge of Karnataka.
  • 27 June 2015 : Indian basketball fraternity got a boost when Satnam Singh, a basketball player from remote Balloke village near Ludhiana in Punjab, became the first Indian basketball player to be drafted in the renowned National Basketball League (NBA) of USA.
  • 27 June 2016 : Chile win Copa América once against Argentina title second time.
  • 27 June 1806 : British forces took Buenos Aires during the first British invasions of the River Plate. The British invasions of the River Plate were a series of unsuccessful British attempts to seize control of the Spanish colonies located around the La Plata Basin in South America (today part of Argentina and Uruguay). The invasions took place between 1806 and 1807, as part of the Napoleonic Wars, when Spain was an ally of France.
  • 27 June 1838 : Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay (Chatterjee), famous novelist, ""the father of modern Indian fiction"" and writer of national song 'Vande Mataram', was born at Katalpara near Naihati, West Bengal. Some of his writings are 'Anandmath' and 'Kapal Kundala'. He was among the first two Bengalee Graduates.
  • 27 June 1895 : The inaugural run of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's Royal Blue from Washington, D.C., to New York City, the first U.S. passenger train to use electric locomotives. A railway electrification system supplies electric power to railway trains and trams without an on-board prime mover or local fuel supply. Electrification has many advantages but requires significant capital expenditure.
  • 27 June 1906 : `Maharashtra Sahitya Parishad' established. Maharashtra Sahitya Parishad is a literary institution situated in the West Indian state of Maharashtra for the purpose of the "furtherance of Marathi language and literature". It was set up in Pune. The Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature considers it as Marathi's first representative literary body.
  • 27 June 1954 : The Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant, the Soviet Union's first nuclear power station, opens in Obninsk, near Moscow. It was the first grid-connected nuclear power station in the world, i.e. the first nuclear reactor that produced commercial electricity, albeit at small scale. It was located at the Institute of Physics and Power Engineering. The plant is also known as APS-1 Obninsk (Atomic Power Station 1 Obninsk).
  • 27 June 1967 : First Indian made AVRO aircraft passenger Plane HS748 handed over to Indian Airlines. The Hawker Siddeley HS 748 is a medium-sized turboprop airliner originally designed by the British firm Avro. This aircraft was built under the collaboration of British AVRO and India’s Hindustan aeronautics Ltd.
  • 27 June 1977 : France granted freedom to Djibouti. Republic of Djibouti is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. The remainder of the border is formed by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden at the east.
  • 27 June 1982 : Space Shuttle Columbia launched from the Kennedy Space Center on the final research and development flight mission, STS-4. STS-4 was the fourth NASA Space Shuttle mission, and also the fourth for Space Shuttle Columbia. STS-4 was the final test flight for the shuttle; it was thereafter officially declared to be operational. Columbia carried numerous scientific payloads during the mission, as well as military missile detection systems.
  • 27 June 1991 : Slovenia, after declaring independence two days before is invaded by Yugoslav troops, tanks, and aircraft starting the Ten-Day War. It was fought between the Slovenian Territorial Defence and the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) , after Slovenia declared its independence. It lasted when the Brijuni Accords were signed.
  • 27 June 2013 : NASA launched the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph, a space probe to observe the Sun. The Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) is a NASA solar observation satellite. The mission was funded through the Small Explorer program to investigate the physical conditions of the solar limb, particularly the chromosphere of the Sun.
  • 27 June 2017 : Haryana's Manushi Chhillar has been crowned as the 54th Femina Miss India World 2017 title.

इतिहास में आज के दिन हुईं प्रमुख घटनाएं (हिन्दी में):

  • 27 जून 2012 : मुख्य परिचालन अधिकारी शेरिल सैंडबर्ग को पहली महिला और फेसबुक निदेशक बोर्ड के आठवें सदस्य फेसबुक के रूप में नियुक्त किया गया।
  • 27 जून 2013 : राजस्थान ने 27 जून 2013 को ऊर्जा संरक्षण के लिए मुख्यमंत्री बिजली बचत लैम्प योजना नामक एक अनूठी योजना का शुभारंभ किया।
  • 27 जून 2014 : लंदन के रॉयल एस्ट्रॉनॉमिकल सोसायटी ने पोर्ट्समाउथ में नेशनल एयरोनॉटिक्स एंड स्पेस एडमिनिस्ट्रेशन (नासा) के एटलास्ट या एडवांस्ड टेक्नोलोजी लार्ज एपर्चर स्पेस टेलीस्कोप का निर्माण करने की योजना का अनावरण किया।
  • 27 जून 2015 : ट्रिनिटी कॉलेज ऑफ़ इंजीनियरिंग, त्रिवेंद्रम केरल के छात्र और फैकल्टी ने मिलकर जून 2015 के चौथे सप्ताह में स्टूडेंट सैटेलाइट प्रोजेक्ट शुरू किया. इसका कार्यक्रम का नाम ट्रिनिटी अदरक स्टूडेंट सैटेलाइट (Trinity Adrak Student Satellite, TASSAT)  रखा गया. स्टूडेंट सैटेलाइट प्रोग्राम को वर्ष 2018 तक पूरा किया जाएगा.
  • 27 जून 2016 : चिली ने अर्जेंटीना को हारकर दूसरी बार कोपा अमेरिका ख़िताब जीता। दोनों टीमों द्वारा 90 मिनट के खेल में कोई गोल नहीं कर पाने पर पेनल्टी शूटआउट द्वारा निर्णय लिया गया। पेनल्टी शूटआउट में चिली ने 4-2 से अर्जेंटीना को हराया।
  • 27 जून 2017 : जापान की नोजोमी ओकुहारा ने अकाने यामागुची को हराते हुए आस्ट्रेलिया ओपन सुपर सीरीज बैडमिंटन टूर्नामेंट का महिला एकल खिताब जीता।

Major historical events on this day (Source: Wikipedia):

  • 27 June 1899 : A. E. J. Collins scored 628 runs not out, the highest-everrecorded score in cricket. Read more A. E. J. Collins
  • 27 June 1743 : War of the Austrian Succession-In the last time that a Britishmonarch personally led his troops into battle, George II and his forcesdefeated the French in Dettingen, Bavaria. Read more Battle of Dettingen
  • 27 June 1760 : Anglo-Cherokee War-Cherokee warriors defeated British forcesat the Battle of Echoee near present-day Otto, North Carolina, US. Read more Battle of Echoee
  • 27 June 1844 : Latter Day Saint movement founder Joseph Smith, Jr. and hisbrother Hyrum were killed by an armed mob who stormed the prison wherethey were incarcerated in Carthage, Illinois. Read more Death of Joseph Smith
  • 27 June 1952 : The Congress of Guatemala passed Decree 900, redistributingunused lands of sizes greater than 224 acres (0.9 km2) to localpeasants and having a major effect on the nation's land reform movement. Read more Decree 900
  • 27 June 1977 : The former French Territory of the Afars and the Issas wasgranted independence from France and became Djibouti. Read more Djibouti
  • 27 June 1989 : The International Labour Organization Convention 169, a majorbinding international convention concerning indigenous peoples, and aforerunner of the 2007 Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples,was adopted. Read more Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989
  • 27 June 1571 : Elizabeth I of England issued a royal charter establishingJesus College, the first Protestant college at the University of Oxford. Read more Jesus College, Oxford
  • 27 June 1986 : In Nicaragua v. United States, the International Court ofJustice ruled that the United States had violated international law bysupporting the Contras in their rebellion against the Nicaraguangovernment Read more Nicaragua v. United States
  • 27 June 678 : Saint Agatho (pictured), who later convened the Third Council ofConstantinople to condemn monothelitism as heretical, began his reign asPope. Read more Pope Agatho
  • 27 June 1905 : The crew of the Russian battleship Potemkin began a mutinyagainst their oppressive officers. Read more Russian battleship Potemkin
  • 27 June 1556 : The thirteen Stratford Martyrs were burned at the stake nearLondon for their Protestant beliefs. Read more Stratford Martyrs
  • 27 June 1927 : Prime Minister of Japan Tanaka Giichi led a conference todiscuss Japan's plans for China, out of which came the Tanaka Memorial,a strategic document detailing these plans (now believed to be aforgery). Read more Tanaka Memorial
  • 27 June 2008 : President of Zimbabwe Robert Mugabe was overwhelmingly re-elected after his opponent Morgan Tsvangirai withdrew a week earlier, citing violence against his party's supporters. Read more Zimbabwean general election, 2008
  • 27 June 2008 : President of Zimbabwe Robert Mugabe was overwhelmingly re-elected after his opponent Morgan Tsvangirai withdrew a week earlier,citing violence against his party's supporters. Read more Zimbabwean presidential election, 2008

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