What major events happened today in history (in English):
- 28 June 2009 : Pakistan, plagued by insurgency and the worst-ever economic crisis, has been named among the 'top 10 failed states' by the US-based reputed Foreign Policy journal.
- 28 June 2010 : The Indian embassy in the United States has launched its new website, which carries latest information, frequent updates and new netizen-friendly features that would help people to get quick acquaintances with the happening about India, but also Indo-US relationship.
- 28 June 2011 : Karnataka Home Minister R Ashok too has dashed off a letter to the Union government, requesting it not to permit Google to go ahead with this service.
- 28 June 2012 : Amid a show of strength, United Progressive Alliance nominee Pranab Mukherjee filed his nomination papers for the July 19 Presidential elections in the presence of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, Congress President Sonia Gandhi and a host of leaders.
- 28 June 2013 : Cyrus Mistry created quite a stir at his first-ever AGM as chairman of the Tata Group. Addressing shareholders at the 18th annual general meeting of Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), Mistry reassured investors that a turnaround in the economic environment was expected but regulatory challenges remain.
- 28 June 2014 : The Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation’s (MTDC) first international office in Tokyo has been inaugurated by Maharashtra Cultural Affairs Minister Sanjay Deotale. MTDC Managing Director Jagdish Patil and other senior officials were also present to attend the opening ceremony at the Wakayama Prefecture (state's) Wakayama Tourism Federation (WTF)
- 28 June 2015 : Data published by Reserve Bank of India show that up to June 19, foreign exchange reserve has increased to a record high of $355.46 billion, an increase of $1.17 billion. Gold reserves of India in the week to June 19 remained unchanged at $19.34 billion. Special drawing rights with IMF has increased to $4.07 billion, an increase of $26.6 million, and India’s reserve position with IMF jumped to $1.32 billion, an increase of $8.5 million.
- 28 June 2016 : Lionel Messi sensationally announced his retirement from international football after Argentina crashed to defeat against Chile in the Copa America Centenario final.
- 28 June 1098 : Fighters of the First Crusade defeated Kerbogha of Mosull. Kerbogha was Atabeg of Mosul during the First Crusade and was renowned as a soldier. He was a Turk who owed his success to his military talent
- 28 June 1461 : Edward IV is crowned King of England. Edward IV was the King of England until his death in 1483. He was the first Yorkist King of England. The first half of his rule was marred by the violence associated with the Wars of the Roses, but he overcame the Lancastrian challenge to the throne at Tewkesbury in 1471 to reign in peace until his sudden death.
- 28 June 1519 : Charles V is elected Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. Charles V was ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and, as Charles I of the Spanish Empire from 1516 until his voluntary abdication in favor of his younger brother Ferdinand I as Holy Roman Emperor and his son Philip II as King of Spain in 1556.
- 28 June 1651 : The Battle of Berestechko between Poland and Ukraine started. It was a battle of a Cossack rebellion in Ukraine that took place in the years 1648–1657 after the expiration of a two-year truce. Fought over three days from 28 to 30 June 1651, the battle took place in the province of Volhynia, on the hilly plain south of the Styr River.
- 28 June 1838 : Coronation of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. Victoria was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from until her death. From 1 May 1876, she used the additional title of Empress of India.
- 28 June 1882 : The Anglo-French Convention of 1882 marks the territorial boundaries between Guinea and Sierra Leone. The treaty confirmed the territorial boundaries between Guinea and Sierra Leone around Conakry and Freetown. However, it was never fully ratified by the French Chamber of Deputies although was officially recognized by the British Foreign Office.
- 28 June 1919 : The Treaty of Versailles is signed, ending the state of war between Germany and the Allies of World War I. The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The other Central Powers on the German side of World War I were dealt with in separate treaties.
- 28 June 1926 : Mercedes-Benz was formed by Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz merging their two companies. Karl Friedrich Benz was a German engine designer and engineer, generally regarded as the inventor of the first automobile powered by an internal combustion engine. Gottlieb Wilhelm Daimler was an engineer, industrial designer and industrialist.
- 28 June 1942 : World War II: Nazi Germany starts its strategic summer offensive against the Soviet Union, codenamed Case Blue. The Red Army stopped the seemingly invincible German Army at the Battle of Moscow, aided by an unusually harsh winter. The Battle of Stalingrad, which lasted from late 1942 to early 1943, dealt a severe blow to the Germans from which they never fully recovered and became a turning point in the war.
- 28 June 1950 : Korean War: Seoul was captured by North Korean troops. The Korean War in North Korean was a war between North and South Korea, in which a United Nations force led by the United States of America fought for the South, and China fought for the North, which was also assisted by the Soviet Union.
- 28 June 2017 : Romanian President Klaus Iohannis has appointed Mihai Tudose as the new Prime Minister of the country.
इतिहास में आज के दिन हुईं प्रमुख घटनाएं (हिन्दी में):
- 28 जून 2012 : बीमा नियामक एवं विकास प्राधिकरण (आईआरडीए) ने 28 जून 2012 को नियामक प्रावधानों की संख्या की अवज्ञा के खिलाफ एचडीएफसी लाइफ इंश्योरेंस पर 1।47 करोड़ रुपए का जुर्माना लगाया।
- 28 जून 2013 : 28 जून 2013 को मुकेश हरिावला को डिकेड पुरस्कार के प्रतिष्ठित भारतीय हेल्थकेयर दूरदर्शी सम्मानित किया गया।
- 28 जून 2014 : भारतीय रेल कलाकार सुदर्शन पटनायक ने 27 जून 2014 को अमेरिका के अटलांटिक सिटी में आयोजित वर्ल्ड कप ऑफ सैंड स्कल्पटिंग– 2014 में पिपुल्स च्वाइस पुरस्कार जीता। उन्हें यह पुरस्कार सेव ट्री, सेव द फ्युचर काम के लिए मिला। यह अमेरिका में आयोजित होने वाला पहला रेत विश्व कप था।
- 28 जून 2015 : ब्राज़ीलियन रेसर नेल्सन पिकेट जूनियर ने 28 जून 2015 को एफआईए फॉर्मूला ई चैम्पियनशिप ख़िताब 2014-2015 जीता. उन्होंने लंदन के बैटरसी पार्क में आयोजित मैच में सातवें स्थान पर रहते हुए यह ख़िताब हासिल किया.
- 28 जून 2016 : लियोनल मेसी ने अंतरराष्ट्रीय फुटबॉल से संन्यास की घोषणा की। उन्होंने यह घोषणा कोपा अमेरिका के पेनल्टी शूटआउट के दौरान कोई गोल न कर पाने के बाद की। उनकी टीम, अर्जेंटीना को फाइनल मुकाबले में चिली से हार का सामना करना पड़ा। अर्जेंटीना ने पेनल्टी के दौरान यह मैच 4-2 से गंवा दिया जबकि 90 मिनट के खेल के दौरान स्कोर 0-0 रहा था।
- 28 जून 2017 : विश्व बैंक ने भारत में युवाओं को कौशल प्रशिक्षण के लिए 25 करोड़ डॉलर का ऋण मंजूर किया है। इससे युवाओं को अधिक कुशल बनाया जा सकेगा, जिससे उन्हें रोजगार पाने में आसानी होगी।
Major historical events on this day (Source: Wikipedia):
- 28 June 2009 : Honduran president Manuel Zelaya was ousted by local militaryforces following his attempt to hold a referendum to change the Honduranconstitution so he could serve a second term. Read more 2009 Honduran coup d'état
- 28 June 1914 : Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophie,Duchess of Hohenberg, were assassinated (Ferdinand's blood-staineduniform pictured) by Yugoslav nationalist Gavrilo Princip during amotorcade in Sarajevo, sparking the outbreak of World War I. Read more Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria
- 28 June 1651 : Khmelnytsky Uprising-The Zaporozhian Cossacks began clashingwith forces of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth at the Battle ofBerestechko in the Volhynia Region of present-day Ukraine. Read more Battle of Berestechko
- 28 June 1776 : American Revolutionary War: South Carolina militia repelled a British attack on Charleston. Read more Battle of Sullivan%27s Island
- 28 June 1776 : American Revolutionary War-South Carolina militia repelled aBritish attack on Charleston. Read more Battle of Sullivan's Island
- 28 June 1942 : World War II-The German Wehrmacht launched Case Blue, astrategic summer offensive intended to knock the Soviet Union out of thewar. Read more Case Blue
- 28 June 1989 : President of Serbia Slobodan Miloševic gave a speech in whichhe described the possibility of 'armed battles' in the future ofSerbia's national development. Read more Gazimestan speech
- 28 June 1841 : Giselle, a ballet by French composer Adolphe Adam, was firstperformed at the Théâtre de l'Académie Royale de Musique in Paris. Read more Giselle
- 28 June 1981 : Seventy-three leading officials of Iran's Islamic Republican Party were killed when a bomb exploded at the party's headquarters in Tehran. Read more Hafte Tir bombing
- 28 June 2004 : The Coalition Provisional Authority dissolved after handing thegovernance of Iraq to the Iraqi Interim Government. Read more Iraqi Interim Government
- 28 June 1922 : The Irish Civil War began with an assault by the Irish Free State's National Army on the Four Courts building, which had been occupied by the Anti-Treaty Irish Republican Army. Read more Irish Civil War
- 28 June 1895 : The United States Court of Private Land Claims ruled that thetitle claimed by James Reavis to 18,600 sq mi (48,000 km2) in present-day Arizona and New Mexico was 'wholly fictitious and fraudulent'. Read more James Reavis
- 28 June 1880 : Police captured Australian bank robber and cultural icon NedKelly after a gun battle in Glenrowan, Victoria. Read more Ned Kelly
- 28 June 2005 : War in Afghanistan-Three U.S. Navy SEALs and 16 American Special Operations Forces soldiers were killed during a failed counter-insurgent mission in Kunar Province, Afghanistan. Read more Operation Red Wings
- 28 June 1956 : Workers demanding better conditions held massive protests in Pozna?, Poland, but were violently repressed by the following day by 400 tanks and 10, 000 soldiers of the Polish People's Army and the Internal Security Corps. Read more Pozna%C5%84 1956 protests
- 28 June 1956 : Workers demanding better conditions held massive protests inPoznan, Poland, but were violently repressed by the following day by400 tanks and 10,000 soldiers of the People's Army of Poland and theInternal Security Corps. Read more Pozna? 1956 protests
- 28 June 1846 : Belgian clarinetist Adolphe Sax received a patent for the saxophone . Read more Saxophone
- 28 June 1969 : In response to a police raid at the Stonewall Inn in New YorkCity, groups of gay and transgender people began to riot against NewYork City Police officers, a watershed event for the worldwide gayrights movement. Read more Stonewall riots
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