What major events happened today in history (in English):
- 30 June 2009 : Inaugurating the first National Security Guards hub in Mumbai, the Union Home Minister P Chidambaram on Tuesday promised the people to set up all the proposed NSG hubs by the deadline of July 1.
- 30 June 2010 : K Radhakrishnan, chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation, has said that India is preparing to launch its second moon mission Chandrayaan-II by 2013.'The Chandrayaan-II we are planning to have in the year 2013. By that time, we should have our GSLV (Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle) flying with the Indigenous Cryogenic Engine Stage.
- 30 June 2011 : India has decided to set up facilities to test and certify mobile phone hardware and software supplied by foreign telecom companies. These tests, at present, are conducted abroad.
- 30 June 2012 : Senior IPS officer Neeraj Kumar took over as the new Delhi Police Commissioner and set eternal vigil against terror and improving the perception of cops among citizens as his main priorities.
- 30 June 2013 : Hindustan Motors Ltd has informed BSE regarding a Press Release dated June 28, 2013, titled 'Hindustan Motors Ltd Signs Memorandum of Agreement with Isuzu Motors India Pvt. Ltd. in Chennai today'.
- 30 June 2014 : Establishment of Chinese industrial parks in India is one of the three agreements signed between India and China. Vice President Hamid Ansari and his Chinese counterpart Li Yuanchao were present when the agreements were signed between the two nations in Beijing. Chinese industrial park in India will allow more Chinese investment in India.
- 30 June 2015 : Tamil Nadu’s Chief Minister J Jayalalitha has won a crucial bypoll that seals her provisional Chief Minister’s position. Jayalalitha won the poll from Radhakrishnan Nagar constituency by a margin of more than 1,51,252 votes from her closest contender from CPI – Mahendran. While the AIADMK chief received 1,60,921 votes, Mahendran received just 9,669 votes.
- 30 June 2016 : Guðni Jóhannesson, a history professor, has won Iceland’s presidential election in a vote held in the aftermath of the Panama Papers leak in April, which implicated several top Icelandic officials.
- 30 June 1855 : Santhals of Rajmahal Hills, Santhal-Paragana, Bihar, started their agitation against ill treatment by British, revenue officers, police, landlords and moneylenders under the leadership on Sindhu and Kanhu at Bhoranadhighi, Bengali.
- 30 June 1914 : Mahatma Gandhi arrested first time during campaigning for rights in South Africa. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the preeminent leader of Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.
- 30 June 1917 : Dr. Dadabhai Naoroji, great Indian, patriot and one of the founders of the Indian National Congress, politician and merchant, died at the age of 92. Dadabhai Naoroji known as the Grand Old Man of India, was a Parsi intellectual, educator, cotton trader, and an early Indian political and social leader. He was a member of parliament (MP) in the United Kingdom House of Commons between 1892 and 1895, and the first Asian to be a British MP.
- 30 June 1965 : Cease-fire was agreed under UN auspices between India and Pakistan, who signed treaty to stop the war at Rann of Kutch. The United States and the Soviet Union used significant diplomatic tools to prevent any further escalation in the conflict between the two South Asian nations. The Soviet Union, led by Premier Alexei Kosygin, hosted ceasefire negotiations in Tashkent (now in Uzbekistan), where Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan signed the Tashkent Agreement.
- 30 June 1968 : Makhanlal Chaturvedi, famous journalist and litterateur, passed away. Pandit Makhanlal Chaturvedi, also called Panditji, was an Indian poet, writer, essayist, playwright and a journalist who is particularly remembered for his participation in India's national struggle for independence and his contribution to Chhayavaad, the Neo-romanticism movement of Hindi literature. He was awarded the first Sahitya Akademi Award in Hindi for his work Him Taringini in 1955.
- 30 June 1972 : The first leap second is added to the UTC time system. A leap second is a one-second adjustment that is occasionally applied to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) in order to keep its time of day close to the mean solar time, or UT1. Without such a correction, time reckoned by Earth's rotation drifts away from atomic time because of irregularities in the Earth's rate of rotation.
- 30 June 1981 : President's rule imposed in Assam. President's rule refers to Article 356 of the Constitution of India deals with the failure of the constitutional machinery of an Indian state. In the event that government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution, the state comes under the direct control of the central government, with executive authority exercised through the Governor instead of a Council of Ministers headed by an elected Chief Minister accountable to the state legislature.
- 30 June 1986 : Mizoram became the state of India. Mizoram is one of the states of Northeast India, with Aizawl as its capital. The name is derived from Mi (people), Zo (Belonging to the people of Mizoram/Lushai Hills) and Ram (land), and thus Mizoram implies "land of the hill people".
- 30 June 1990 : East Germany and West Germany merged their economies. The German reunification was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic joined the Federal Republic of Germany to form the reunited nation of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city. The end of the unification process is officially referred to as German unity.
- 30 June 2000 : The Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council adopts a resolution seeking separation from J&K. The council was created under the Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council Act 1995, following demands of Ladakhi people to make Leh District a new Indian Union Territory because of its religious and cultural differences with the rest of Jammu and Kashmir.
- 30 June 2017 : US President Donald Trump has appointed Indian-American Krishna R Urs as the new US Ambassador to Peru.
इतिहास में आज के दिन हुईं प्रमुख घटनाएं (हिन्दी में):
- 30 जून 2012 : हाउसिंग डेवलपमेंट फाइनेंस कॉरपोरेशन (एचडीएफसी) ने ग्राहकों के लिए बैंक ऋण को सस्ता बनाने के लिए अपने बेस रेट में 0।2 प्रतिशत कटौती करने का फैसला किया।
- 30 जून 2013 : देश के प्रतिष्ठित एनटी अवॉर्ड्स समारोह में 30 जून 2016 को एनडीटीवी के एंकर और कार्यक्रमों ने सर्वाधिक पुरस्कार जीते। एनडीटीवी के रवीश कुमार को हिन्दी के बेस्ट एंकर का अवॉर्ड प्रदान किया गया।
- 30 जून 2014 : भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन (इसरो) ने पांच उपग्रहों से युक्त पीएसएलवी सी23 का 30 जून 2014 को श्रीहरिकोटा के सतीश धवन केंद्र से सफलतापूर्वक प्रक्षेपण किया। पीएसएलवी सी23 में लगे पाँच उपग्रह चार अलग-अलग देशों फ्रांस, जर्मनी, कनाडा और सिंगापुर के नाम पर हैं।
- 30 जून 2015 : स्विस बैंकों में जमा विदेशी धन के मामले में भारत 3 स्थान नीचे खिसककर 61वें नंबर पर पहुंच गया. यह आंकड़े स्विट्जरलैंड के केंद्रीय बैंकिंग प्राधिकरण ‘स्विस नेशनल बैंक’ (Swiss National Bank, SNB), की ओर से जून 2015 के चौथे सप्ताह में जारी किए गए.
- 30 जून 2016 : गुडनी जोहेनसन को आइसलैंड का राष्ट्रपति चुनाव जीता। इतिहास के प्रोफेसर जोहेनसन ने चुनाव में 39.1 प्रतिशत वोटों से जीत दर्ज की। वे 20 वर्ष से पद पर मौजूद ओलाफुर रैग्नर ग्रिमसन का स्थान लेंगे। गौरतलब है कि यह चुनाव अप्रैल 2016 में हुए पनामा पेपर्स लीक के बाद आयोजित किये गये जिसमें देश के विभिन्न अधिकारियों को दोषी ठहराया गया।
- 30 जून 2017 : केंद्र सरकार ने राजेश वी. शाह को राष्ट्रीय फैशन प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान (निफ्ट) के संचालक मंडल का चेयरपर्सन नियुक्त किया। वह पूर्व क्रिकेटर चेतन चौहान का स्थान लेंगे।
Major historical events on this day (Source: Wikipedia):
- 30 June 1860 : Seven months after the publication of Charles Darwin's On theOrigin of Species, several prominent British scientists and philosophersparticipated in an evolution debate at the Oxford University Museum inOxford, England. Read more 1860 Oxford evolution debate
- 30 June 2007 : In an attempted terrorist attack, a car loaded with propanecanisters was driven into the terminal of Scotland's GlasgowInternational Airport and set ablaze. Read more 2007 Glasgow International Airport attack
- 30 June 1974 : Municipal workers in Baltimore, Maryland, went on strike seeking higher wages and better conditions. Read more Baltimore municipal strike of 1974
- 30 June 1651 : Khmelnytsky Uprising-Ukrainian Cossacks and their CrimeanTatar allies were annihilated by a Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth armyin the Battle of Berestechko, probably the largest land battle in the17th century. Read more Battle of Berestechko
- 30 June 1859 : French acrobat Charles Blondin crossed Niagara Gorge on atightrope, turning him into one of the world's most famous tightropewalkers. Read more Charles Blondin
- 30 June 1963 : A car bomb intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco killed sevenpolice and military officers near Palermo. Read more Ciaculli massacre
- 30 June 1559 : During a jousting match, Gabriel Montgomery of the Garde Écossaise mortally wounded King Henry II of France, piercing him in theeye with his lance. Read more Henry II of France
- 30 June 1972 : The International Time Bureau added the first leap second tothe Coordinated Universal Time time scale. Read more Leap second
- 30 June 1987 : The Royal Canadian Mint introduced the Canadian one-dollarcoin, commonly known as the Loonie. Read more Loonie
- 30 June 1934 : Adolf Hitler violently purged members of the Sturmabteilung,its leader Ernst Röhm, and other political rivals on the Night of theLong Knives, executing at least 85 people. Read more Night of the Long Knives
- 30 June 1971 : The Soviet Soyuz 11 spacecraft suffered an uncontrolleddecompression during preparations for reentry, killing cosmonautsVladislav Volkov, Georgiy Dobrovolskiy and Viktor Patsayev—the onlyhuman deaths to occur in space. Read more Soyuz 11
- 30 June 1894 : London's Tower Bridge (pictured), a combined bascule andsuspension bridge over the River Thames, opened. Read more Tower Bridge
- 30 June 1908 : A massive explosion occurred near the Podkamennaya TunguskaRiver in what is now Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, knocking over 80 milliontrees (sample pictured) over 2,150 square kilometres (830 sq mi). Read more Tunguska event
- 30 June 1922 : The United States and the Dominican Republic signed anagreement that ended the former's occupation of the latter two yearslater. Read more United States occupation of the Dominican Republic (1916–1924)
- 30 June 2009 : Schoolgirl Bahia Bakari was the sole survivor when Yemenia Flight626 crashed into the Indian Ocean killing 152 people. Read more Yemenia Flight 626
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